Thursday, September 18, 2014

HOW TO: Copy VHD file between storage accounts in Azure

I recently attempted to rebuild and reconstruct my Azure IaaS environment and had to figure out an easy way to copy and keep track of my progress. The following script was created to copy data between two storage accounts in my Azure environment. It will display progress throughout the copy process.

Requirements: Azure PowerShell module (

Note: The copy process may complete sooner than expected as a 125GB vhd file which is only full of 60GB of data will appear to complete at the 50% mark.

Start by pinning the Azure PowerShell module to your taskbar once you've installed it. You can right-click on the link and choose "Run ISE as Administrator" and this will open an editor window where you can paste in the script below:

##Set variables for the copy
$storageAccount1 = "source storage account here"
$storageAccount2 = "destination storage account here"
$srcBlob = "source file (blob)"
$srcContainer = "source container"
$destBlob = "destination file (blob)"
$destContainer = "destination container"

##Get the key to be used to set the storage context

$srcStorageAccountKey1 = Get-AzureStorageKey -StorageAccountName $storageAccount1
$srcStorageAccountKey2 = Get-AzureStorageKey -StorageAccountName $storageAccount2

##Set the storage context
$varContext1 = New-AzureStorageContext -StorageAccountName $storageAccount1 -StorageAccountKey ($srcStorageAccountKey1.Primary)

$varContext2 = New-AzureStorageContext -StorageAccountName $storageAccount2 -StorageAccountKey ($srcStorageAccountKey2.Primary)

##Start copy operation
$varBlobCopy = Start-AzureStorageBlobCopy -SrcContainer $srcContainer -Context $varContext1 -SrcBlob $srcBlob -DestBlob $destBlob -DestContainer $destContainer -DestContext $varContext2

##Get the status so we can loop
$status = Get-AzureStorageBlobCopyState -Context $varContext2 -Blob $destBlob -Container $destContainer

While($status.Status -eq "Pending"){

$status = Get-AzureStorageBlobCopyState -Context $varContext2 -Blob $destBlob -Container $destContainer

[int]$vartotal = ($status.BytesCopied / $status.TotalBytes * 100)
[int]$varCopiedBytes = ($status.BytesCopied /1mb)
[int]$varTotalBytes = ($status.TotalBytes /1mb)

$msg = "Copied $varCopiedBytes MB out of $varTotalBytes MB"

$activity = "Copying blob: $destBlob"

Write-Progress -Activity $activity -Status $msg -PercentComplete $varTotal -CurrentOperation "$varTotal% complete"

Start-Sleep -Seconds 2


Some things to remember...
  • An aborted or failed file copy may leave a zero byte file on your destination container. Use the GUI or both the "Get-AzureStorageBlob" and "Remove-AzureStorageBlob" commands to view and remove the failed data. Failure to do this will result in a hung PowerShell session.
  • Making a copy of a file in the same container is basically instantaneous.

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